Cities and towns of pop. Among rivers wholly or mostly in the United States, it is the second largest by discharge volume, the tenth longest and has the eighth largest drainage basin. The Ohio River at Cairo is 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s);[1] and the Mississippi River at Thebes, Illinois, which is upstream of the confluence, is 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s). Where the river serves as a boundary between states today, Congress designated the entire river to belong to the states on the east and south, i.e., West Virginia and Kentucky at the time of admission to the Union, that were divided from Virginia. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. The low-lift dams were authorized by the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1909 to provide a nine-foot navigation channel for the entire length of the Many cities got their start at or adjacent to the forts. This appeased the British subjects of Canada, but angered the colonists of the Thirteen Colonies. As a result, it is currently approximately 24 feet deep. The ancient rivers were rearranged or consumed. The deepest point of Ohio river is 85 ft deep. The lower Ohio River just below Louisville is obstructed by rapids known as the Falls of the Ohio where the water level falls 26 feet (7.9 m) in 2 miles (3.2 km) and is impassible for navigation. It ends approximately 900 miles downstream at Cairo, Illinois, where it flows into the Mississippi River. During the nineteenth century, emigrants from Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky settled along the northern bank of the Ohio river. Most were abandoned by 1800. It is located in the Midwestern and Southern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. The Ohio river runs 981 miles long, and its depth is about 30 ft Available data for this site Click to hide station-specific text Funding for this site is provided by: ... Ohio Department of Natural Resources. The river was once described as being a mile wide (in flood season) and a foot deep (in summer). 130 feet seems ridiculous though but who knows. The natural depth of the river varied from about 3 to 20 feet (0.91 to 6.10 m). Phone: 513-231-7719 The Ohio River boatmen were the inspiration for performer Dan Emmett, who in 1843 wrote the song "The Boatman's Dance". The bedrock of the Ohio Valley was mostly set during this time. This provided a much-needed export route for goods from the west, since the trek east over the Appalachian Mountains was long and arduous. Blue Catfish – 30 lbs (2009) Bowfin – 9 lbs (2006) Sauger – 4.75 lbs (1985) Ohio Records. Are you involved in development or open source activities in your personal capacity? Its current gentle, waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", and eventually stabilized to the variant spellings "Pelisipi", "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi". The movement of glaciers during the earliest ice ages the present day river drainages of the Kanawha, Sandy, Kentucky, Green, Cumberland and Tennessee rivers northward created the Ohio system and the course of early tributaries of the Ohio River, including the Monongahela and the Allegheny rivers, were set. [2] The river flows through or along the border of six states, and its drainage basin includes parts of 14 states. The dams raise the water level in shallow stretches, allowing for commercial navigation. When I Google it, I get answers of 55 feet, 85 feet, and 130 feet…though they all place it in the Louisville area. Every activity that humans engage in involves some risk, and recreating in or on the Ohio River is no different. The bridge has been improved in 1859 and 1872, and remains in use as the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in the U.S. Louisville was founded in 1779 at the only major natural navigational barrier on the river, the Falls of the Ohio. The Ohio River Scenic Byway follows the Ohio River through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ending at Steubenville, Ohio, on the river. The Mohican River joins with the Kokosing River to form the Walhonding River near Loudonville in Ashland County. up the river from the Cannelton dam to Mcalpine a lot of the river is 35-40 feet deep all the way across. Virginian Englishman Abraham Wood's trans-Appalachian expeditions between 1654 and 1664;[15] Frenchman Robert de La Salle's putative Ohio expedition of 1669;[16] and two expeditions of Virginians sponsored by Colonel Wood: the Batts and Fallam expedition of 1671,[17] and the Needham and Arthur expedition of 1673-74. The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. Carl Perkins Bridge in Portsmouth, Ohio with Ohio River and Scioto River tributary on right. While not developed for hydropower in Ohio, the river, kept at a navigable depth of 9 feet (3 metres), carries cargoes of coal, oil, steel, and manufactured articles. USGS - Cooperative Matching Funds . Usually, the river is shallow. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers improvements were expanded again in the 1960s, forming the present-day McAlpine Locks and Dam. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indiana, on the Ohio River opened about the same time. The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. The Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at modern-day Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in 1999 and Indiana in 2002. After flowing just 30 miles in Ohio the Wabash passes through 18 counties in Indiana. Beginning near Ft. Recovery, Ohio as a small stream the Wabash River flow east, then west, then south toward it's 487 mile-long destination of the Ohio River. The river had great significance in the history of the Native Americans, as numerous civilizations formed along its valley. The Scioto River (/ s aɪ ˈ oʊ t ə / sy-OH-tah) is a river in central and southern Ohio more than 231 miles (372 km) in length. While the Ohio River is quite deep, it is a naturally shallow river that was artificially deepened by a series of dams. The expression "sold down the river" originated as a lament of Upper South slaves, especially from Kentucky, who were shipped via the Ohio and Mississippi to cotton and sugar plantations in the Deep South. Water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam upstream to Pittsburgh are predicted daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Ohio River Forecast Center. • The Ohio .River Basin is a vast area of some 204,000 square miles. The Corps' Ohio River Basin plan was sanctioned by the Flood Control Act of 1938. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. Many small rivers were altered or abandoned after the upper Ohio River formed. Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, the bestselling novel that fueled abolitionist work, was the best known of the anti-slavery novels that portrayed such escapes across the Ohio. At its greatest size it was 900 feet deep and covered an area 2/3 that of Lake Erie. From a geological standpoint, the Ohio River is young. In addition, there may be possible human health risk due to water quality conditions. The advance of the Illinoian glacier 300,000 years ago continued the modification of the Ohio landscape, eroding bedrock and older sediments and depositing sediment as it melted. at least 25,000 and among the 10 largest in the state, and whose municipal boundary comes within less than a mile of the river. I’m watching the sonar screen, which occasionally registers a long, curving blur. From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia–Ohio–Pennsylvania triple-state line (near East Liverpool, Ohio; Chester, West Virginia; and Ohioville, Pennsylvania). The largest immediate drop in water level is below the McAlpine Locks and Dam at the Falls of the Ohio at Louisville, Kentucky, where flood stage is reached when the water reaches 23 feet (7 m) on the lower gauge. In 1987, the plant moved its water intakes from the shore to the middle of the river as part of a routine intake replacement. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=1001900251, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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