Breeding System. Backcross. of the penis. Part 1: Organizational aspects of a plant breeding programme 197 organizational issues limit the freedom of the breeder in terms of breeding strategies (for example, the choice of testing the breeding material under a given level of inputs). Animal Handling Techniques 1. Guidelines on the Regulation of Scientific Experiments on Animals 49 -60 7. 345 . are essential to animal breeding and lead to the acquisition of. . FEEDING AND BREEDING OF LABORATORY ANIMALS XII. OBJECTIVES To provide basic concept of animal handling to new user. Artificial insemination (AI) and embryo transfer (ET) are commonplace in conventional animal breeding. The only advantage of following a commercial crop on station is that a commercial crop is But these techniques are 'artificial' and they deprive animals of natural mating behaviour and negatively affect the animals' welfare and integrity. Hundreds of animals may be 'created' in an attempt to obtain a transgenic individual with a particular desired set of traits. The Jackson Laboratory Handbook on Genetically Standardized Mice . domestic animals (2). Normally, breeds are chosen that have complementary traits that will enhance the offsprings’ economic value. System of breeding. I n a first experi-ment, diet 39 was compared with diet 32, the highly effective breeding diet described in the above paper (see Table 1). Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (149K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Yorkshires have acceptable rates of gain in muscle mass and produce large … A PDF is a digital representation of the print book, so while it can be loaded into most e-reader programs, it doesn't allow for resizable text or advanced, interactive functionality. Inbreeding may be explained by taking an example of cows and bulls. FELASA has published recommendations for the HM of rodent and rabbit colonies in breeding and experimental units (Nicklas et al. Some, such as selective breeding or exposure to The other method is artificial insemination. Animal breeding the modern approach : a textbook for consultants, farmers, teachers and for students of animal breeding, Keith Hammond, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Alex McDonald, 1992, Animal breeding, 257 pages. Th ese techniques have been developed and used by Th e Jackson Laboratory for over 75 years. Selective breeding involves using knowledge from several branches of science. To comply with the Animal Welfare Ordinance and avoid mishandling of animals in research. Reproduction and Breeding Techniques for Laboratory Animals. Biotechnology encompasses a number of tools and elements of conventional breeding techniques, establish a laboratory animal health monitoring (HM) programme as an integrated part of any quality assur-ance system. The primary enclosure provides the limits of the animal’s immediate environment. techniques into the field of laboratory animal anaesthesia. Total number of HTML views: 0. breeding animals), dogs, and other social species were individually housed. �|ÚŸT³MÙ ³cä$60qzòş�j¦#§â�¾2B©’�Ÿ6�e~¤à'×wÀ¬ù‡Ğ–ì0œO‘¦î�ó¨è :†&�¤š8��M>x �N:?ôÑæ°ÏT¤×éP=‚bÙ%M%ß …Ú“. Basic types of establishments for animal keeping are breeding / supply establishments and user establishments. The report concludes that: Key technologies relating to animal breeding have a long history and breakthroughs typically involve new methods or technologies rather than depending on genetic material per se; • The book covers the discipline of animal breeding from its history, quantitative genetic principles, selection, mating systems and the breeding methods … Testicles – As in the other animals, sperm and hormones are produced in the testicles. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (‎ Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific , 2011 )‎ These techniques have been developed and used by The Jackson Laboratory for nearly 80 years. Breeding is sexual reproduction that produces offspring, usually animals or plants. 0 Some, such as selective breeding or exposure to • The book covers the discipline of animal breeding from its history, quantitative genetic principles, selection, mating systems and the breeding methods … Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules, 2001 42 -44 5. Laboratory Animals, 2002), with the intention of harmonizing HM pro-grammes. Georgia in 1997. It rotates and sprays semen during mating. . An additional point of concern are the reproduction techniques used in conventional breeding. CPCSEA Guidelines for Laboratory Animal Facility - 2015 61 -96 8. The exact procedure for rodent breeding for investigators is performed according to instructions in the individual animal use protocols. This handbook attempts to provide a basic guide to anaesthesia for research workers and animal technicians. The domestic mouse, Mus musculus and related subspecies (see Mice and Rats as Laboratory Animals), is popular as a mammalian research model because of its small size, adaptability, docility, low husbandry costs, fecundity, well-defined health and genetic backgrounds, and relative ease of genetic manipulation.The development of genetic engineering techniques of inserting … accordance with the U.K. Feeding and breeding of laboratory animals III. Section 1 Animal Welfare Considerations J.S. appropriate breeding schemes, weaning ages, and methods for identification of individual animals. These include genetics, statistics, reproductive physiology, computer science, and molecular genetics. . 3 The various techniques for altering the genetic make-up of an animal are explained in the report. The macroenvironment is the physical environment of the secondary enclosure (suc h as an animal holding room, a barn, etc.). Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules, 2006 45 -48 6. The most important item on a rodent breeding bin is the cage ID/breeding record card. These range from conventional breeding techniques (CBT), established techniques of genetic modification (ETGM) and a growing number of what are commonly called new breeding techniques (NBT). Genetic evaluation of individual animals in a breeding population, selection of the best individuals for traits of importance in some sense (adaptation, production, economic), followed by mating of selected individuals to generate the next generation of animals. MEENAKSHI M.Sc. But recent developments in molecular biology have given biotechnology ... basic tools of modern biotechnology (6). Rats respond to considerate and skilful handling and time and effort spent here will pay dividends during the course of the experiment in the form of more relaxed animals and in some cases better and more reproducible experimental results. The macroenvironment is the physical environment of the secondary enclosure (suc h as an animal holding room, a barn, etc.). MEENAKSHI M.Sc. To comply with the Animal Welfare Ordinance and avoid mishandling of animals in research. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. In natural mating a breeding male is actually used for mating with the females. Animal breeding the modern approach : a textbook for consultants, farmers, teachers and for students of animal breeding, Keith Hammond, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Alex McDonald, 1992, Animal breeding, 257 pages. Selection of breeding animals. Several sections of the guidelines have yet to be finalised, but the Councils are now issuing those relating to housing and care of laboratory animals. appropriate breeding schemes, weaning ages, and methods for identification of individual animals. Breeding Strategies for Maintaining Colonies of Laboratory Mice A Jackson Laboratory Resource Manual This manual describes breeding strategies and techniques for maintaining colonies of laboratory mice. Other new reports, such as the 1997 Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Research Animals and the 1998 The Psychological Well-Being of Inbreeding: When breeding is between animals of the same breed for 4-6 genera­tions, it is called inbreeding. h�b```�K���� cc`a�X �ȡ d08 E9@����/���1�Q�xA�J�^!u&��_&(1m�� �3��C�K�a��.�ߊ��!�����΄�t#���,�&� .k����B{7(��N�i�g�*��uB�bΓo���7sۦ���l(*�4�]]����EEw'u'IlbcO[4�Ff��S� The number of animals can only be approximated in advance because it is impossible to predict the exact number and sex of offspring. Several sections of the guidelines have yet to be finalised, but the Councils are now issuing those relating to housing and care of laboratory animals. Laboratory quality standards and their implementation  World Health Organization. 1st Year ANIMAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES 2. The primary enclosure provides the limits of the animal’s immediate environment. This handbook attempts to provide a basic guide to anaesthesia for research workers and animal technicians. OBJECTIVES To provide basic concept of animal handling to new user. animals should be handled regularly and fully famil- iarized with the methods of restraint to be used later. Federal Regulations and The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals require appropriate management and housing for breeding. Programming was in Fortran because Fortran programs are relatively easy for numerical problems, and many existing packages in animal breeding still useful at that time were written in Fortran. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Care and Use of Laboratory Animals on performance goals as opposed to engineering approaches is a theme that resonates throughout. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training. Basic types of establishments for animal keeping are breeding / supply establishments and user establishments. The goal of that course was to train students to program new ideas in animal breeding. 1st Year ANIMAL HANDLING TECHNIQUES 2. females in a week. 3682 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<32FBC5F92B59443492AA5618E7523721><38EEA92E5768D94AA9E883AA2B98B893>]/Index[3658 37]/Info 3657 0 R/Length 116/Prev 1492729/Root 3659 0 R/Size 3695/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Selection of males is less intense in this as a bull can be used for mating only 2-3 times, i.e. Overview of Animal Breeding Fall 2008 1 Required Information Successful animal breeding requires 1. the collection and storage of data on individually identi ed animals; and 2. complete pedigree information about the sire and dam of each animal. Generations: P1 x P2 F1 F2 S1 families if self pollinated F3 if intermated Year 1 Year 2 Year 3. Breeding cage cards should be filled out completely. Humanity has been modifying domesticated animals to better suit human needs for centuries. Breeding may specifically refer to: Breeding in the wild, the natural process of reproduction in the animal kingdom Animal husbandry, through selected specimens such as mices ,rats dogs, horses, and rabbits 5Department of Pharmacology I routinely witnessed ... for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, published in 2011, embraces this view (albeit without the regulatory force of the Animal Welfare Act). Rose 6 1.1 Introduction 6 1.2 Minimisation of pain, distress, fear and anxiety 6 1.3 Methods of euthanasia 9 1.4 Special considerations with the age of the animal 12 1.5 Signs of death 14 1.6 Disposal of carcases 15 Mouse stocks and breeding methods were as de-scribed by Bruce & Emmens (1948). Animal breeding, controlled propagation of domestic animals in order to improve desirable qualities. e���n�On�nҌ.i�EEܱ���]���wg/_��4�Nٍ� ����O�xGmR������Itk>c. Observations on the feeding of guinea-pigs - Volume 45 Issue 1. Conventional breeding techniques would require that a field II. Estimates of repeatability obtained from this study were 0.29, 0.26, 0.22, 0.38, 0.41, and 0.74 for BWs of chickens at 1 day, 4, 8, 9, 10 and 16 weeks of age respectively (Table 9). Furthermore, processes ... Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views. used by all persons responsible for laboratory animals and particularly by licensees and others now working under the authority of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986. Felt, ... Hussein I. Hussein, in The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents, 2012. But recent developments in molecular biology have given biotechnology ... basic tools of modern biotechnology (6). Breeding of and Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules, 2001 42 -44 5. Section 1 Animal Welfare Considerations J.S. It is not intended to be a comprehensive text on animal anaesthesia, but concentrates on those areas that are of greatest practical importance when anaesthetizing laboratory animals. animal products such as urine, dander and serum by using long-necked, non-allergic gloves, laboratory coats and adequate respiratory protective equipment, (b) avoidance of wearing street clothes while working with animals as well as (c) leaving work clothes at the workplace, should be taken. Agricultural biotechnology is the term used in crop and livestock improvement through biotechnology tools. Who Should Read This Policy All investigators and ACP personnel who run breeding colonies or participate in the activities of a breeding colony. Large numbers of animals may be required to maintain a breeding colony. animals. Animal breeding is a branch of animal science that addresses the evaluation (using best linear unbiased prediction and other methods) of the genetic value (estimated breeding value, EBV) of livestock. The health and well-being of the animals depend on the care, human attitude of the animal-keepers (staff) of the animal house. The number of animals can only be approximated in advance because it is impossible to predict the exact number and sex of offspring. Coronavirus: Find the latest articles and preprints ... Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (149K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Laboratory Animals, 2002), with the intention of harmonizing HM pro-grammes. 7 (With 1 Figure in the Text) The high requirement of vitamin C by the guinea-pig is difficult to satisfy in a pelleted diet. On animals ( Control and Supervision ) Rules, 2006 45 -48 6 AI ) embryo! 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