Because of its endless culinary applications, potato has become one of the highest consumed vegetables in the US. Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. Good for roasting and baking. Its flavor is … In my opinion, are the best for mashing, baking, and frying. From Johnny's Selected Seeds. With an oddly-colored skin that is a woody brown color, this type of … Sources: GrillAChef.com, MarthaStewart.com, TheCook’sThesaurus.com. Shape: Slender, cylindrical, with rounded ends. Jewel Yam. 19, 2019 This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. It was first grown by Jean Pierre Clot, a French farmer, in the Swiss Alps. It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. Although undermined for its high carb content, a potato is pretty nutritious. When picking a determinate potato to grow, the most popular types are: Caribe Norland Russet Norkotah Red Norland Ratte Potatoes Chieftain Yukon Gold Sierra Rose Sierra Gold Gold Rush Adirondack Blue Adirondack Red As a winter potato, or for extensive cultivation for market, it is one of the best of all potato varieties; and commends itself to the farmer, both as respects quality and yield, as being greatly superior to the Peach-blow, Pink-eye, Vermont White, and many similar varieties, which so abound in city markets. Technically, any potato picked before the height of maturity—generally in the spring or early summer—is a new potato. The list below shows that there is more to it than the common Russets. Color: Rough, semi-thick, pale orange or brownish skin, orange flesh. Potato Varieties (Michigan): the MSU breeding program website. Which is best for mashing or roasting? The site retains many of the features that users of the previous site will be familiar with, including all the botanical and disease data provided by institutes throughout Europe. It is a medium-sized potato variety that originated in North America during the 1970s. Oregon Potato Variety Database: interactive database for most advanced western U.S. selections. These factors play a role in placing potatoes in starchy (mealy), waxy, and all-purpose categories. The Austrian Crescent, also called Kipfel, is a medium-maturing potato variety with a smooth, waxy texture. As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. 'Salad Blue' an unusual maincrop potato with dark purple/blue skin with violet flesh. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Shape: Round or oblong, slightly flattened, Use: Best roasted; also whizzed into soup. Pictured below are potato varieties created in Aberdeen by our breeders. All potato breeding selections undergo a strenuous evaluation process before being released as varieties. Brown Horse Sweet Potatoes. Your email address will not be published. For a few years now, most of the potatoes I’ve grown have been nutty, early, French salad potatoes. First produced in the 1870s, these potatoes became famous for their use in French fries and they now constitute approximately 70% of the total potato sales in the US. Color: Dark yellow or tan skin, pale yellow flesh, Use: Ideal for boiling, roasting, steaming; good for salads. Starchier than new potatoes, they make tasty mashes and, unlike Idahos, they’re great for boiling, steaming, and adding to soups. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. It is a flavorful potato characterized by a meaty flesh. Recognizable by their thin, finger-like shape, fingerlings are basically an elongated variety of new potatoes. Red potato varieties are also a good source of vitamin B6; are fat, sodium and cholesterol free; and (this was a shocker) are an excellent source of potassium – even more than a banana! It is a type of French heirloom fingerling characterized by a high fat content and buttery, hazelnut flavor. Arran Pilot - First Early. https://www.marthastewart.com/1539281/potato-guide-starchy-waxy-all-purpose Discovered in the 1960s, the Yukon Gold is a large cultivar that can be distinguished by its smooth skin containing shallow eyes. Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. Larger in size and thicker skinned than new potatoes, russets have a “flaky” texture thanks to their high starch and low moisture content. 'Early Rose' (Solanum tuberosum 'Early Rose') Introduced commercially in 1861, 'Early Rose' is one of … Like Yukon golds, these purple or blue-fleshed spuds have a medium starch content, making them equally delicious mashed, roasted, or in salads. The Red Thumb is a late-season type of fingerling potatoes known for its resistance to disease, uniform size, and ease of storage. It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. Yellow Potatoes - Yellow potatoes have thin gold skin and yellow flesh. Welcome to the European Cultivated Potato Database Welcome to the newly refreshed site for the European Cultivated Potato Database (ECPD). It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of the morning glory family of plants and trees. Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. There are roughly 4,000 different varieties of potatoes, which include some common types, each of them having specific culinary or agricultural attributes. To help determine which potatoes to use for various culinary applications, they are often categorized based on their contents (starch compounds and solid-to-water ratio) and texture. Russets Not all late varieties are adapted to short-season climates. This database provides data on GB-certified potato varieties that have undergone independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases. That being said, you'll have by far the best success when you think carefully about your needs and select varieties for your climate and situation, because each variety has unique qualities that make it well-suited to a certain place or purpose. Red Gold. Color: Pale yellow or khaki skin, with light brown spots, yellow flesh, Use: Best for frying, steaming, roasting, grilling, or sautéing. We recommend our users to update the browser. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. (Marshalls) 'Harmony' large crop of round potatoes that can be used boiled, mashed or backed. © 2021 (Only Foods). It consists of about 70% of the required daily amount of Vitamin C, high quantities of Vitamin B1, Vitamin B3, and Vitamin B6, and has higher potassium content than a banana. Blight, specifically, can also be avoided by growing varieties that are typically harvested before the hot and humid weather of late summer increases the risk of blight. These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. It is characterized by a sweet and nutty flavor. Also called the Sweet Hannah or Yellow Hannah, this variety of sweet potato is similar to Jewel Yam but its skin and flesh are lighter in color. Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. Popular Potato Varieties Russet (Starchy) Russets (Burbank) or also known as Idaho potatoes are oblong and large in size, have a rough brown skin and mealy flesh. Some are mid-season (70 to 90 days) varieties, but most are late varieties (90 to 110 days, even 135 days). If you’re looking for a unique-tasting tater, look no further. New potatoes tend to have a “waxy” texture, meaning they’re low in starch, high in water and hold together well. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. Color: Light gold skin, light yellow flesh. How many Different Varieties of Potatoes are there, 8 Different Types of Kale for Salads, Soups, and More, 15 Different Types of Tomatoes for Snacking, Cooking, and More, Barberry – Types, Medicinal Uses, Nutrition Benefits and Side Effects, Cassia Oil – Composition, Ingredients, Uses, Benefits and Production, Fiddleheads – Types, Nutritional Benefits, Uses, Recipes and Side Effects, Lupins (Lupinus) – Uses, Benefits, Nutritional Value, Growing and Care, Goldenseal Herb – Root, Benefits, Usage and Side Effects, 10 of the Best Triple Sec Drinks with Recipes. There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. 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