i. Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls. All in all, we see that Esau was a blessed man (Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36). Changes will take effect once you reload the page. The promise had not been made to the whole nation and had never been intended to apply to the whole nation.” (Morris). What does it say about our present position in God? (22-24) Doesn’t God have the right to glorify Himself as He sees fit? Romans Summary: Romans is a book of Doctrine, Christian living and Justification by Faith alone (Chaps.3, 4). Instead, he places the responsibility with Israel: Because they did not seek it by faith… they stumbled at that stumbling stone. No, God did not make a mistake. And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”. How do I know that He will come through for me?” Paul answers the question by asserting that it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. We should not think that Paul merely uses a dramatic metaphor here. . ii. a. I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren: This is a dramatic declaration of Paul’s great love and sorrow for his brethren. (6-9) Has God failed with His plan regarding Israel? Romans 9:27-29. The choice was made before they were born. (32-33) Paul emphasizes the reason why Israel seems cast off from God’s goodness and righteousness: For they stumbled at that stumbling stone, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . The remnant will be saved. “I will call them My people, who were not My people, (25-26) The prophet Hosea (in Hosea 2:23 and 1:10) declares God’s right to choose, calling those who previously were not called His people. For this very purpose I have raised you up: God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself. What if God: Again, the same principle from God’s dealing with Pharaoh is repeated. romans chapter 9 summary . Romans 12 encourages us to be living sacrifices in view of the mercy we have received in Christ Jesus. i. Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. b. The new section is introduced without connection with the foregoing, but in a fervent outburst of Israelitish patriotism, the more sorrowful by contrast with the blessedness of the Christian previously extolled and so deeply experienced by the apostle himself. In hardening the heart of Pharaoh, God simply allowed Pharaoh’s heart to pursue its natural inclination. To understand the reasoning of this chapter, the reader must keep in mind the aim of the apostle. We do this through renewing our minds to the truth of God’s word, serving and blessing the body of Christ through our gifts and above all by loving and being devoted to one another. To make a full stop after. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Even in the midst of judgment, God showed His mercy to Judah. ii. You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil: Paul points out that God’s choice was not based on the performance of Jacob or Esau. Your email address will not be published. e. Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen: This is one of Paul’s clear statements that Jesus is God. i. 1. i. Paul has already shown in Romans that the only possible way to be saved is through faith, not the works of the law; and that this salvation comes only through the work of a crucified Savior – which was a stumbling block to Israel (1 Corinthians 1:22-23). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. (30-31) Analyzing the present situation of Israel and the Gentiles according to a human perspective. Romans 9 is one of those passages, and there are a lot of jokes at the expense of non-Calvinists because of it. 3. God hated Esau in regard to inheriting the covenant, not in regard to blessing in this life or the next. c. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit: Paul uses every possible assurance to declare his great sorrow over Israel. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. How can anyone go against God’s choice?”. He didn’t fulfill His promise for them because they missed their Messiah and now seem cursed. Does not the potter have power over the clay. “The Jews were inclined to think that God could not make them anything other than vessels of honor. Yet he still loved them this passionately. (10-13) Another example of the fact that promise is more important than natural relation: Jacob and Esau. i. Paul begins by warning of the consequences of unbelief in chapter 1; warning that all men are guilty under the Law (Ch.3:23), and so needing redemption through faith in Christ. The Jews who seem to be cast off from God tried to justify themselves before God by performing works according to the law of righteousness. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy: As well, if God desires to be more than fair with others, showing them His mercy, who can oppose Him? c. But also of the Gentiles: And if God wants to show mercy to the Gentiles as well as the Jews (of course, never being less than fair to either), who can oppose Him? c. The adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the services of God, and the promises: The pain Paul feels for his lost brethren is all the more severe when he considers how God has blessed them with all the privileges of being His own special people. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 9:1-13 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Introduction If Romans 8 has the distinction of being the high-water mark of the New Testament, chapter 9 has the dubious honor of teaching one of the most emotionally volatile doctrines of all the Bible, that of election. Mercy is not getting what we do deserve. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. In Romans 9–11, Paul dealt with Israel’s election, rejection of the gospel, and eventual salvation. i. Paul shows that merely being the descendant of Abraham saves no one. There are a lot of passages in Scripture that people intentionally avoid. a. Because the LORD will make a short work upon the earth.”, “Unless the LORD of Sabaoth had left us a seed, ii. We would have become like Sodom: Sodom and Gomorrah were completely destroyed in judgment. b. For our limited reason does not grasp it, as the child cannot comprehend the courage of warriors!” (Bengel). Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The merciful promise is clear: “But if. This entire spiritual legacy makes Israel’s unbelief all the more problematic. What does it say about Israel? 7. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. The remnant will be saved: The passage quoted from Isaiah 10:23 speaks first to God’s work in saving a remnant from the coming Assyrian destruction. (14-16) Does God’s choice of one over another make God unrighteous? Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 1 I speak the truth in Christ--I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit-- 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Romans 9:6 "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For this is the word of promise: “At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”. Yet he agrees with Calvin’s idea that the real thought here is much more like “accepted” and “rejected” more than our understanding of the terms “loved” and “hated.”. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. d. Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction: Paul does not say that God has prepared them for destruction. You will be delivered from petty worries (I need not further describe them) if you are concerned about the souls of men… Get your soul full of a great grief, and your little griefs will be driven out.” (Spurgeon), b. I could wish that I myself were accursed: Paul reflects the same heart Moses had in Exodus 32:31-32: Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! b. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He has a plan and a reason. Certainly not! a. Those vessels do an adequate job on their own. Paul answers this question strongly: Certainly not! Wrong. No one is ever unfair for not giving mercy. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. We may not be able to fathom God’s reasons for choosing, and they are reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God’s choices are not capricious. 1. Chapter 11 Israel’s future, one day all Israel will be saved, restored, reunited in the people of God. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … He will always preserve His remnant. You can check these in your browser security settings. It is not that the word of God has taken no effect: Paul thinks of someone looking at Israel and saying, “God’s word didn’t come through for them. No; God has not failed His children of promise. Introduction and Timeline Having expounded many of the central, saving doctrines of the gospel (see Romans 1–8), Paul then focused on the application of the gospel in Church and civic life (see Romans 9–16). For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. The question goes something like this: How can I be secure in God’s love and salvation to me when it seems that Israel was once loved and saved, but now seems to be rejected and cursed? b. These three chapters are part of the way he makes plain how God in fact saves people.” (Morris). By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. As we study Romans 9-11, I think it is important to understand God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility in salvation and in all of life because we’re trying to understand, as best we can as finite beings, the nature of God and the nature of man (us). It the longest and the most famous of all the Apostle’s writings to Christians at Rome whom he hoped soon to visit. What shall we say then? God is never less than fair with anyone, but fully reserves the right to be more than fair with individuals as He chooses. c. He hardens: We know that Pharaoh did harden his own heart, according to Exodus 7:13, 7:22, 8:15, 8:19, 8:32, 9:7, and 9:34. What does it say about Israel? b. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated, v. Our greatest error in considering the choices of God is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He chooses in an “eeny-meeny-miny-moe” way. This is the natural and obvious way of punctuating the sentence. You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? Of course not, he simply presents the problem from the other side of the coin – the side of human responsibility, instead of the side of God’s sovereign choice. We are in a dangerous place when we regard God’s mercy towards us as our right. Romans 12:9-16. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. This is a summary of the ninth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. The Gentiles who were saved came to God through faith, receiving His righteousness. For who has resisted His will?” But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? i. Amen. Romans 9:1-5. i. iv. So why has Paul now become so somber in his tone? Rom 9:1-3 Paul expresses his great sorrow for the unbelief and obstinacy of the Jews. He also spells out how an individual may come into a right relationship with God: "if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation." . Rom 9:4-5 Whose high privileges he enumerates. God assures them that this is not the case. In chapters nine through eleven, Paul explains that God has not rejected His people. iii. c. That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls: So we do not think that God chose Jacob over Esau because He knew their works in advance, Paul points out that it was not of works. Israel not only gave us the great fathers of the Old Testament, but Jesus Himself came from Israel. 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